Are you a new libero or interested in becoming one? The libero position is a highly specialized one in volleyball - you need to know these 5 key rules about it!

It is also important for other volleyball enthusiasts to understand the rules of the game. One of the most important positions for a team is the libero—a player who specializes in defense and must adhere to certain rules when on the court.

Here are 5 key rules about the libero position that you need to know!

The Uniform

The libero must wear a libero uniform that is easily distinguishable from their teammates. This means they must have a different color jersey or shorts than the rest of their team. This way referees can easily see when is libero replaced throughout gameplay.

Additionally, all liberos playing in NCAA games must have at least one contrast panel on their jersey. According to the rules of the International Volleyball Federation (FIVB), the libero cannot serve as the team captain or game captain.


A volleyball libero can only enter or leave the court during a dead ball situation and they can only be substituted for another back-row player, not a front-row player.

In order for a substitution to happen, both players must be outside of the court at the same time and notify their referee before entering or leaving. A team has unlimited substitutions for each set when it comes to their libero replacements.

The libero can only be replaced within the Libero Replacement Zone, which is a three-meter wide area at the backcourt located behind each attack line and outside of the substitution zone. The libero must leave and enter from this area when being substituted for or into any gameplay situation.

Rotation Order

Before the first serve is sent over and play begins, a libero will usually enter the court to replace one player in a team's starting lineup.

Liberos are always considered part of the back row rotation and should move with their team as such (i.e., if your team rotates clockwise around the court, so should your libero).

The only exception to this rule is if a front-row player was substituted out for a back-row player during a point, in which case they would move with that setter around the court until they were subbed out again.

Blocking & Spiking

Liberos are not allowed to block or spike during play; however, they may hit overhand (set) if necessary in case of an emergency situation like an errant pass or dig attempt by another teammate.

To complete an attack hit, liberos must be behind their own attack line so they can make it into the front court — but they aren't allowed to cross over any imaginary plane that extends upward from the top of the net. That means they can't reach high and spike down on the other side of the net!


The libero, whose sole purpose is defensive play, is not allowed to serve in most competitive leagues. Despite this ruling, there are exceptions. According to the official USAV regulations, a libero can enter a game as a replacement for any position player and then serve in the following rotation.


Volleyball is no doubt one of the most exciting sports out there - but it’s also governed by some pretty complex rules and regulations designed to keep competition fair and balanced between teams.

Whether you’re new to volleyball or have been playing for years, understanding these five key libero volleyball rules is essential for success on and off the court!

Knowing these five key libero rules will help ensure you’re playing by all of them, so you can focus on perfecting your skills and strategies instead! Good luck!

Check out our other volleyball and sports & fitness blog posts!

What Is a Libero in Volleyball? Check Essential Info Here!
Have you ever wondered what the purpose of a libero is in volleyball? Get all your questions answered here and find out what makes this position unique.
What Does the Libero Do in Volleyball: An Essential Guide
Unfamiliar with what a libero does on a volleyball team? Discover everything you need to know about this important volleyball position. Read more!
5 Must-Have Libero Volleyball Skills for Every Player
Looking to master the libero position in volleyball? Check out this list of must-have libero skills that will help you become a pro! Read more!
10 Beginner Volleyball Libero Tips for an Improved Game
Are you a beginner volleyball libero looking for helpful tips? Read our blog post to learn how you can improve your game and dominate the court.
How to Become a Good Volleyball Libero: Speed and Agility
Ready to become a great libero? Master the skills of being a libero in volleyball - learn how you can become an expert at agility, speed, passing, and defending.
10 Volleyball Tips for Beginners: Play Smarter, Play Better!
Get ahead of the game with these ten volleyball tips for beginners that will help build your confidence and skill on the court. Read more!
The Best Indoor Volleyball for 2023: Our Top 7 Picks
We’ll take a look at the best indoor volleyballs on the market today. We’ll help you decide which one is right for your needs. Find out more!
How to Choose the Perfect Volleyball Shoes for Liberos
Looking for a pair of shoes that will give you an edge on the court? Check out our guide on how to choose the perfect volleyball shoes for liberos.
5 Volleyball Serving Drills That Improve Your Accuracy
If you play volleyball, mastering the basics of volleyball serving accuracy is almost essential. To improve your serves try out these 5 awesome drills!
What Differentiates Volleyball Shoes From Basketball Shoes?
In this blog post, we will briefly look at the key differences between basketball shoes and volleyball shoes. Read more to find out more!
5 Best Volleyball Arm Sleeves for Comfort and Protection
Are you looking for the best way to protect your arms while playing volleyball? Look no further than our list of the top five volleyball arm sleeves!
Share this post