Are you a beginner in volleyball and want to master the essential hits? If you're new to volleyball, then knowing the essential hits can help boost your confidence on the court and enhance your gameplay.

In this article, we'll explore the top ten volleyball hits that every beginner should learn. These 10 hits form the foundation of perfecting your game, and with enough practice, you'll improve your skills in no time.

1. Regular Pass

One of the most basic shots in volleyball is the regular pass, also known as a forearm pass. It is initiated by pressing your two forearms together, creating a narrow platform to control the ball that comes to you. Accurate passing is essential in every phase of the game, so you must master this basic skill.

One important thing to note is that the regular pass is usually the first hit in a volleyball play. It's the way that the ball is typically received and sent toward a teammate for the next hit. It's also necessary when facing a hard spike from the opposing team.

With enough practice and dedication, you'll be able to execute a precise regular pass each time.

2. Overhead Pass

The overhead pass is an essential technique that requires timing and proper positioning. This hit is imperative for serve receiving and high-angle spikes. To execute this skill, get under the ball with your arms extended above your head, and use your fingertips to redirect the ball to the desired location.

The overhead pass is not only crucial for serve receiving and high-angle spikes, but it's also an excellent way to set up your other teammates for an attack. Additionally, a well-executed overhead pass can throw off the other team's defense, giving your team an advantage in the game.

3. Dig

Dig is a defensive shot that helps you prevent the ball from touching the ground after it crosses the net. This hit requires quick reflexes, agility, and correct positioning to keep the ball in play. To perform this shot, approach the ball with your arms extended out in front and your palms facing toward the ground.

Dig is a critical shot that every volleyball player must learn, especially on the defensive end. It involves the player diving and extending their arms toward the ground to prevent the ball from hitting the floor. Good reflexes, positioning, and understanding of the game are crucial in successfully executing a dig.

A great dig can keep a rally going and can lead to an attack by the volleyball team hitting a down ball or a spike hit. When a player digs the ball, their teammates can set it for a hitter to make a play. This is the perfect opportunity to score a point in the game. Therefore, mastering this skill is vital for any player looking to become a valuable asset to their team.

4. Front Set

A front set or an overhead pass is a skill that involves placing the ball in an optimal position for a hitter to take a swing at it. The positioning involves turning your body while the ball is in the air, and then pushing the ball toward the hitter with your fingertips.

A front set is usually the second hit in a three-hit sequence, with the first hit being a pass and the third hit being an attack. It requires precise positioning and awareness of your hitters' preferred hitting angles. As the setter, you need to make split-second decisions on where to place the ball to ensure a successful attack.

The front setting is a critical skill for setters and can greatly impact the outcome of a game.

5. Back Set

The opposite of a front set, the back set, is when the setter positions themselves facing away from the net to deliver the ball to the hitter. The backset generally makes it harder for the blockers to figure out the path of the ball, making it more challenging to block.

The back set is an advanced skill that can provide an element of surprise to the opposing team's blockers. It's an ideal volleyball hit to set up a down ball attack, which is a strategic move to keep the ball in play and avoid a block.

The back set requires precision and timing, making it a technique that only experienced setters can execute accurately.

With a perfectly executed back set, the hitter can make a down ball that can either score a point or force a defensive error from the opponent.

Overall, the back set is a valuable addition to the arsenal of volleyball hits, and mastering it can make a setter an even more valuable asset to their team.

6. Quick Set

A fast set or a "quickset," is an important offensive hitting technique. In this hit, the setter positions themselves closer to the net, delivering the ball to the hitter with haste, making it incredibly challenging to track the ball's path, resulting in quick points.

The quick set is not only a fast volleyball hit but also a difficult one to defend against. The hitter must anticipate the ball's trajectory and hit the ball at the perfect moment with a powerful swing.

The one common technique used in a quick set is a line shot, which is a hit that travels along the sideline, making it hard for defenders to receive.

Mastering the quick set is crucial for any volleyball player who wants to become a dominant force on the court. With this valuable addition to their arsenal of volleyball hits, the setter can make split-second decisions to set up their teammates for successful hits and score points for the team.

7. Spike

The spike is easily the most satisfying hit. It is used to deliver the ball powerfully and aggressively toward the opposing team's court. To perform this attack hit, you must approach the ball quickly, leap into the air with your hitting arm drawn back, and aggressively strike the ball with your open hand.

The spike is the ultimate offensive move in volleyball, and it requires a great deal of skill and precision to perform correctly. To hit the ball, you must jump high into the air and forcefully strike the ball with your open hand.

A successful spike hit involves maximum power and speed and can often catch the opposing team off-guard. It's a hard hit that sends the ball sailing over the net, making it extremely difficult to return.

A well-executed spike can tip the scales in your team's favor, and it's an essential skill for any serious volleyball player. So, if you want to dominate the game, you must master the spike and deliver powerful hits that will leave your opponents reeling.

8. Tip

A tip is an essential skill that every player should master. It is a soft hit that sneaks the ball past the blockers without touching the ball too hard. To perform this skill, you must jump with your arms extended and tip the ball with your fingertips over the blocker's hands.

The tip is a versatile shot that is often used to confuse the other team, especially the blockers. When executed correctly, the ball can fall into the middle of the other team's court, making it difficult for them to react in time. This move is particularly effective if your team has a strong middle hitter who can take advantage of the opening created by the tip.

The key to a successful tip is deception. You must approach the ball as you would for a spike, then at the last moment, redirect it with your fingertips to the desired location. If you coordinate with the rest of your team's hitting strategy, the tip can become a valuable tool for your team's offensive play.

9. Standing Hit

A standing hit is performed by players who cannot execute a full jump. It involves extending your arm out, spreading your fingers wide, and making contact with the ball, allowing the ball to travel over to the opponent's court.

A standing hit in volleyball is a crucial technique that requires precision and accuracy. While it may not be as powerful as other volleyball hits, it remains an important part of any player's arsenal. A standing hit can be a valuable tool when the ball is too low to execute a full jump or when the blockers are closing in quickly.

By using a standing hit, a player can effectively return the ball to the other side of the court and keep the ball in play.

10. Underhand Serve

The underhand serve is a basic and easy-to-learn technique that is perfect for beginners who are just starting to play volleyball. This serve involves hitting the ball with an open palm while keeping your other hand free to toss the ball in the air.

Although it is not as powerful or effective as other serves, the underhand serve is an essential skill to learn to get the ball into play and start the game. By mastering this serve, beginners can gain confidence and develop the foundation they need to learn more complex techniques.

To hit the ball correctly during the underhand serve, it is essential to make contact with the lower part of the ball, so the ball goes over the net and into the opposing team's court.

11. Overhand Serve

The overhand serve is a highly effective and essential skill for advanced volleyball players. It requires a combination of power, precision, and technique. To execute this serve, you must hold the ball with one hand and toss it up with the other hand, while simultaneously stepping forward with the opposite foot to create momentum.

As the ball reaches its highest point, you then hit the ball with an overhand motion, generating speed and power for the ball to cross over the net and land on the opposing team's court. The overhand serve can be performed with a variety of styles, including the jump serve, which adds an extra level of difficulty.

Players will often progress to the overhand serve after mastering the underhand serve in the early stages of learning volleyball. With consistent practice and guidance, players can develop their overhand serve into a powerful weapon for their team's offensive strategy, making it increasingly difficult for the opposing team to receive and return the ball.


Learning these ten essential volleyball hits is only the beginning of your journey toward becoming a master of this fantastic sport. Whether you're a beginner or a seasoned player, it's essential to practice tirelessly and learn from your mistakes.

Keep honing your skills, and you'll be a force to reckon with on the court in no time! As you continue to develop more advanced techniques for playing an exciting game of volleyball, remember that mastering each hit will take dedication and hard work.

With enough effort and focus, you can make every one of those volleyball hits count toward winning the game. So don't give up - keep practicing until you become an expert at all aspects of the volleyball game!

If you're looking for the best volleyball equipment, check out our top picks! We've taken care of all the research so that you don't have to!

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